Magnesium: A Vital Mineral for Women's Health

Welcome to our deep dive into the world of magnesium, a vital mineral that plays a crucial role in women's health. From maintaining bone health to regulating blood pressure and blood sugar levels, a key issue for women with PCOS in particular, magnesium is a powerhouse nutrient that you can't afford to ignore. But are you getting enough of it?

In this blog, we'll explore the many benefits of magnesium, including its role in managing stress, improving sleep quality, and even easing premenstrual syndrome symptoms.

We'll also guide you on how to incorporate this essential trace element into your diet, whether through magnesium-rich foods or supplements. So, whether you're looking to improve your mood swings, boost your mental health, or simply understand the importance of maintaining balanced magnesium levels, you're in the right place. Let's dive in and uncover the myriad ways magnesium can enhance your health and wellbeing.

Discover how our award winning Preconception supplement with myo-inositol and magnesium can help you.

Understanding Magnesium and Its Importance

Magnesium, a trace element, is a powerhouse mineral that plays a vital role in our body's function. It's a key player in over 300 enzymatic reactions, making it indispensable for maintaining normal cell and organ function. Despite its importance, many people, especially women, do not take in enough magnesium. This deficiency can lead to adverse health outcomes and a reduced quality of life.

Understanding the importance of magnesium and how to maintain the right magnesium level is crucial for overall health. This section will delve into the significance of this mineral, its role in the body, and why it's particularly important for women's health.

What is Magnesium?

Magnesium, a trace element, is a mineral that is essential for the body's function. It's a vital cog in the machinery of our body, playing a role in over 300 enzymatic reactions. This mineral is found in every cell of our body, and it's needed for them to function properly.

The majority of the magnesium in our body, about 60%, is found in our bones. The rest is distributed in our muscles, soft tissues, and fluids, including blood. It's a helper molecule, aiding in biochemical reactions continuously performed by enzymes.

From converting food into energy, creating new proteins from amino acids, to helping create and repair DNA and RNA, magnesium^1 is involved in more than 600 reactions in our body. It also aids in muscle contraction and relaxation and regulates neurotransmitters, which send messages throughout our brain and nervous system.

However, determining the magnesium level in our body is not straightforward. This is because 99% of it is stored in bone, muscles, and non-muscular soft tissue, with less than 1% in the blood.

Despite its vital role, studies suggest that approximately 50% of U.S. adults do not take enough magnesium. This highlights the importance of being aware of what may deplete it and the need to use magnesium-rich foods in our diet.

Why is Magnesium Important for Women?

Magnesium, a vital trace element, plays a crucial role in women's health. It's involved in over 300 biochemical reactions, making it indispensable for maintaining normal cell and organ function. Women, in particular, may have increased magnesium requirements due to various physiological conditions that occur throughout our lives.

The benefits of magnesium for women are extensive. It's used in the prevention and treatment of numerous health issues, from Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) to pre-menstrual syndrome, and from pregnancy to menopause. It's also been linked to mood regulation, maintaining a healthy heartbeat, supporting sleep, muscle and nerve function, and energy production.

However, despite the importance of this mineral, many women don't take in enough magnesium. This deficiency can lead to adverse health outcomes and a reduced quality of life. Therefore, ensuring the right magnesium level is crucial for women's health.

Magnesium Benefits for Women

Magnesium, a vital mineral, is often hailed as a powerhouse nutrient due to its involvement in over 300 biochemical reactions in the body. However, its specific benefits for women's health are not as widely recognised. This section aims to shed light on the various ways magnesium can support women's health, from managing blood sugar levels to maintaining bone health and supporting hormonal balance. Understanding these benefits can help women make informed decisions about their magnesium intake and overall health.

Role in Blood Sugar Management

Magnesium plays a pivotal role in blood sugar management, a benefit for women that is often overlooked. It aids in the action of insulin, the hormone that controls blood sugar levels. When a woman's body has enough magnesium, insulin can function more effectively, leading to better management of blood sugar levels.

Research^2 indicates that nearly half of individuals with type 2 diabetes have low blood magnesium levels. This deficiency can impair the body's ability to regulate blood sugar effectively. On the flip side, those who consume more magnesium have a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Magnesium supplements have been found to enhance insulin sensitivity, a key factor in blood sugar control. They also improve blood sugar levels and insulin sensitivity in people at risk for type 2 diabetes.

In the context of women's health, conditions like Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) are often associated with insulin resistance. Studies^3 suggest that magnesium can help manage insulin resistance in women with PCOS, further emphasising the importance of maintaining a healthy magnesium status.

Help with Anxiety and Depression

Magnesium, a vital mineral, has been linked to mental health, particularly in managing anxiety and depression. Research^4 suggests that magnesium plays a crucial role in brain function and mood regulation. Low levels of this mineral can increase the risk of depression, making it an essential part of a woman's diet.

Studies have shown that stress can deplete magnesium levels, making individuals more susceptible to stress and depression. This is where magnesium supplementation can come into play. It has been found to reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety, regardless of an individual's magnesium status.

The connection between magnesium and serotonin, a neurotransmitter that affects mood and emotions, is also noteworthy. Fluctuating hormones leading up to a woman's menstrual cycle can cause serotonin levels to drop, contributing to PMS-related symptoms such as sadness, irritability, and trouble sleeping. Magnesium supplementation could potentially help regulate these serotonin levels and manage depression symptoms, including those related to PMS.

However, while many believe that taking magnesium helps manage their PMS depression symptoms, research in this field is still limited. More studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of magnesium for PMS-related depressive symptoms.

Maintaining Healthy Bones

Magnesium plays a pivotal role in maintaining bone health, a benefit that is particularly significant for women. Research indicates that a substantial portion of the body's magnesium, around 50-60%, is stored in the bones. This mineral is not just a passive resident in the skeletal system, but actively contributes to bone density and strength.

Studies^5 have found a correlation between low magnesium levels and an increased risk of osteoporosis, a condition that weakens bones and makes them more prone to fractures. In fact, individuals with the lowest magnesium intake were found to have a three times higher risk of fractures.

Magnesium also works in tandem with other essential nutrients like calcium and vitamin D, both of which are crucial for bone health. It helps regulate these nutrients, ensuring they are effectively utilised by the body.

Moreover, magnesium has been shown to suppress bone turnover, a process that can lead to bone loss if not properly regulated. This is particularly relevant for postmenopausal women, who are at a higher risk of osteoporosis.

So, whether it's through diet or supplements like magnesium citrate, getting enough magnesium is vital for women looking to maintain strong, healthy bones.

Supporting Hormonal Health

Magnesium plays a pivotal role in supporting hormonal health, a key aspect of women's wellness. It's involved in activating enzymes that are crucial for hormone production and metabolism. This function becomes particularly important during the days leading up to a woman's period, a time marked by natural hormonal fluctuations.

Research^6 has shown that magnesium, along with vitamin B6 and saturated fats, is vital during menopause. This phase in a woman's life is characterised by a decline in hormones like progesterone and estrogen, leading to the cessation of menstruation. An inadequate intake of nutrients necessary for hormone production can exacerbate menopausal symptoms.

Magnesium can also be beneficial in managing conditions associated with menstruation, such as Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). These conditions can result from hormone or blood glucose disruption. Magnesium contributes to normal hormone production and assists insulin in removing blood glucose, delivering it to the cells.

Take our quiz to find the best MyOva supplement for you!

Take our quiz

Magnesium and Mental Health

Magnesium's impact on mental health is profound and multifaceted. This essential mineral plays a significant role in maintaining psychological function, managing stress, and regulating mood. It's a key player in the production of serotonin, a neurotransmitter that significantly influences our mood and overall mental health.

Inadequate magnesium levels can lead to anxiety and depression, making it crucial for women to ensure they're getting enough of this vital mineral. Let's delve into the specifics of how magnesium contributes to mental health, particularly in stress management and sleep quality.

Magnesium's Role in Stress Management

Magnesium, often referred to as the "anti-stress mineral," plays a crucial role in managing stress. It's involved in the regulation of stress hormones and neurotransmitter production, which are key components of our body's stress response. When we're under physical or emotional stress, our bodies can deplete magnesium, creating a vicious cycle that can exacerbate stress levels.

Moreover, magnesium has been linked to the reduction of stress hormones like cortisol. It acts as a natural relaxant, helping to keep our body's stress response in check. This is particularly important in today's fast-paced world where stress is a common theme.

In addition to managing stress, magnesium also plays a role in detoxification. This process involves the elimination of toxins from the body, which can disrupt various body processes, including hormones, brain function, and digestion. By supporting detoxification, magnesium can help maintain the overall health and psychological function of the body.

Furthermore, research^7 suggests that low magnesium levels may increase susceptibility to stress and depression. Therefore, ensuring adequate magnesium intake can be a proactive step in managing stress and improving mental health.

Magnesium and Sleep Quality

Magnesium plays a pivotal role in enhancing sleep quality, a crucial aspect of mental health. It's been found that this mineral aids in regulating neurotransmitters that encourage relaxation and sleep. This is particularly beneficial for women who often face more sleep problems than men due to various life stages and events.

The magic of magnesium lies in its ability to relax our muscles and calm our nervous system, preparing our bodies for a restful night. It's no wonder that many people find taking magnesium supplements before bed to be beneficial for their sleep patterns.

Moreover, magnesium's role in melatonin production further bolsters its reputation as a sleep aid. Melatonin is a hormone that regulates the sleep-wake cycle, and an imbalance can lead to sleep disturbances. By supporting melatonin production, magnesium can help restore a healthy sleep cycle.

Additionally, magnesium's effects on the parasympathetic nervous system, which promotes relaxation, further contribute to its sleep-enhancing properties. This is why topical use of magnesium, such as in an Epsom Salt bath, can promote muscle relaxation and potentially lead to better sleep.

Magnesium and Women's Physical Health

Magnesium's influence on women's physical health is profound and multifaceted. This essential mineral plays a crucial role in maintaining the body's overall well-being, particularly in areas such as blood pressure regulation, bone health, and muscle function. Let's delve into how magnesium contributes to these vital aspects of women's health.

Magnesium's Role in Blood Pressure Regulation

Magnesium, a potent mineral, plays a pivotal role in regulating blood pressure. It acts as a natural dilator of blood vessels, preventing spasms in the heart muscle and blood vessel walls. This function is akin to widening highways for smoother traffic flow, making it easier for blood to circulate and potentially lowering blood pressure.

However, it's important to note that the impact of magnesium on blood pressure isn't universally agreed upon. Some research suggests that an intake of 500 mg to 1000 mg of magnesium per day could reduce blood pressure significantly. Yet, other studies present contradictory evidence, indicating that more research is needed to establish a definitive link.

Interestingly, magnesium's impact on blood pressure seems to be more pronounced when the mineral is derived from food sources rather than supplements. This could be due to the presence of phytochemicals, antioxidants, and fiber in food sources of magnesium, substances not found in supplements.

Magnesium and Bone Health

Magnesium plays a pivotal role in maintaining bone health, especially in women. It's a key component of bone structure, with about 50-60% of the body's magnesium stored in the bones. This mineral is not just a passive participant in bone health, but actively contributes to the density and strength of bones.

Research^5 has shown that lower levels of magnesium are associated with a higher risk of osteoporosis, a condition that weakens bones and makes them more prone to fractures. A study^8 involving people undergoing hemodialysis revealed that those with the lowest magnesium intake had three times more fractures than those with the highest intake.

Magnesium also plays a crucial role in regulating other nutrients vital for bone health, such as calcium and vitamin D. It's known that insufficient levels of vitamin D can lead to osteoporosis through reduced calcium absorption. Magnesium deficiency can affect the synthesis and metabolism of vitamin D, further emphasising its importance in maintaining healthy bones.

Moreover, magnesium supplementation has been shown to suppress bone turnover, particularly in postmenopausal women. This suggests that adequate magnesium intake could be a preventive measure against osteoporosis, especially in individuals with documented magnesium deficiency.

Magnesium and Muscle Function

Magnesium plays a pivotal role in maintaining normal muscle function. It aids in the movement of blood sugar into your muscles, helping to dispose of lactate, a substance that can accumulate during exercise and cause fatigue. This process is particularly crucial for women who engage in regular physical activity, as it can enhance their performance and recovery.

Moreover, magnesium is involved in over 600 biochemical reactions in the body, many of which are related to muscle function. For instance, it aids in muscle contraction and relaxation, which is essential for all physical activities, from simple daily tasks to strenuous workouts.

Interestingly, a higher intake of magnesium has been associated with increased muscle mass and power. This is particularly beneficial for women as they age, as maintaining muscle mass can help prevent osteoporosis and other age-related health issues.

However, it's worth noting that while magnesium supplements can be beneficial, they may not be necessary for everyone. The body's magnesium levels can often be maintained through a balanced diet rich in magnesium-containing foods.

Magnesium and Women's Reproductive Health

Magnesium, a vital mineral, plays a significant role in women's reproductive health. It's not just about managing premenstrual syndrome (PMS) or ensuring a healthy pregnancy, but also about maintaining hormonal health and overall well-being.

From mood swings to period pain, magnesium's role in women's health is far-reaching. Let's delve deeper into how this essential mineral impacts women's reproductive health.

Magnesium's Role in PMS Management

Magnesium, a vital mineral, plays a significant role in managing premenstrual syndrome (PMS). PMS, a common condition among women of childbearing age, is characterised by a variety of physical and emotional symptoms. These symptoms can range from mood swings and fatigue to abdominal cramps and water retention.

Research^9 suggests that magnesium levels fluctuate throughout the menstrual cycle, and this fluctuation can exacerbate PMS symptoms in women with a magnesium deficiency. Therefore, magnesium supplementation has been proposed as a potential preventive and therapeutic approach to PMS.

A study^10 involving college students with PMS found that taking 300 mg of magnesium daily helped decrease bloating, depression, and anxiety. However, the evidence for magnesium's role in hormonal health is still circumstantial, and more robust clinical studies are needed.

Despite the need for further research, it's clear that magnesium is an important nutrient for women's health. Whether it's improving sleep quality, reducing period pain, or managing mood swings, magnesium seems to have a positive impact on PMS symptoms.

However, before adding more magnesium to your diet, it's important to consult with a doctor or healthcare professional. They can provide personalised advice on maintaining a balanced diet and whether magnesium supplementation is right for you.

Magnesium and Pregnancy

Magnesium plays a crucial role in women's reproductive health, particularly during pregnancy. It's not just about the mother's health, but also the development and well-being of the fetus. Magnesium deficiency during pregnancy can lead to complications such as preeclampsia, a condition characterised by high blood pressure and potential damage to other organ systems, most often the liver and kidneys.

Moreover, magnesium is known to regulate blood pressure and neuromuscular irritability, both of which are critical during pregnancy. A deficiency in this vital mineral can lead to elevated blood pressure and increased neuromuscular irritability, symptoms that are also common in non-pregnant women with low magnesium levels.

Research has shown that magnesium supplementation can decrease the risk of preeclampsia, one of the most common causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. This suggests that maintaining optimal magnesium levels is essential for a healthy pregnancy.

In addition, magnesium is also linked to strong bone health, which is crucial during pregnancy as the growing fetus puts extra stress on the mother's bones. A balanced diet rich in magnesium can help ensure the mother's and the baby's health during this critical period.

How to Incorporate Magnesium into Your Diet

Incorporating magnesium into your diet doesn't have to be a daunting task. With a little knowledge and planning, you can easily ensure you're getting enough of this vital mineral. Whether you're looking to boost your energy, improve your psychological function, or simply maintain a balanced diet, magnesium can play a crucial role.

From choosing the right foods to understanding the role of supplements, we'll guide you through the process of making magnesium a regular part of your nutritional intake. Let's dive into the world of magnesium-rich foods and supplements.

Foods High in Magnesium

Here's a list of magnesium-rich foods that can play a role in preventive nutrition and help combat tiredness and fatigue:

  • Seeds: Pumpkin (156 mg) or chia seeds (111 mg)
  • Nuts: Almonds (80 mg) and cashews (74 mg)
  • Greens: Spinach (78 mg)
  • Beans: Black beans (60 mg)
  • Soy products: Soy milk (61 mg) or edamame (50 mg)
  • Protein: Peanut butter, smooth (49 mg)
  • Grains: Brown rice (42 mg)
  • Seafood: Salmon (26 mg)

A balanced diet is key. Try to incorporate at least three of these sources of magnesium into each meal for a normal psychological function.

Magnesium Supplements: What You Need to Know

Magnesium supplements can be a convenient way to ensure you're getting enough of this vital mineral. However, it's important to approach supplementation with caution. While generally well-tolerated, these supplements may interact with certain medications, including diuretics, heart medications, and antibiotics.

If you're considering adding a magnesium supplement to your routine, it's crucial to consult with your doctor or a healthcare professional first. This is especially true if you have a medical condition such as diabetes, heart disease, or kidney disease.

While supplements can help fill nutritional gaps, they're not a substitute for a balanced diet. Consuming a variety of foods high in magnesium is the best way to meet your nutritional needs.

The Power of Magnesium in Women's Health

In conclusion, magnesium plays a vital role in women's health, from maintaining bone health to regulating blood pressure and blood sugar levels. It's also been found to help manage stress and improve symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. However, despite its numerous benefits, many women don't get enough magnesium in their diet.

Supplementing with magnesium can be beneficial, but it's important to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen. They can provide personalised advice and ensure that the supplement won't interfere with any existing medications or health conditions. Remember, while supplements can help fill nutritional gaps, they should not replace a balanced diet.

Aim to incorporate magnesium-rich foods into your meals for a natural boost. With the right approach, you can harness the power of magnesium to improve your overall health and wellbeing.

Health Disclaimer:

The information provided in the blog post is intended for informational purposes only. It should not be considered a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always consult with a qualified healthcare professional for guidance on your specific condition.

Although magnesium may offer potential benefits for women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), individual results may vary. It is important to note that scientific research on its effectiveness for PCOS is ongoing, and more evidence may be needed regarding their long-term effects or safety.

Before considering magnesium or any other supplement, we strongly recommend discussing it with your doctor or healthcare provider. They can provide personalised advice based on your medical history, current medications, and overall health.

It is crucial to remember that dietary supplements are not subject to the same regulations as prescription medications in the United Kingdom. Therefore, it is important to thoroughly research potential benefits and risks and to choose products from reputable manufacturers.

While we strive to provide reliable and up-to-date information, we cannot guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the content presented in this blog post. We do not assume any liability for any consequences arising from the use of the information provided.

Ultimately, your health and well-being are best served by actively engaging with a qualified healthcare professional who can guide you on your PCOS journey. They can help you make informed decisions about treatment options, including the potential use of magnesium.

Remember, you are your own best advocate, and open dialogue with your healthcare provider is key to making informed decisions about your healthcare.

Take our quiz to find the best MyOva supplement for you!

Take our quiz


1.Schwalfenberg GK, Genuis SJ. The Importance of Magnesium in Clinical Healthcare. Scientifica (Cairo). 2017;2017:4179326. doi: 10.1155/2017/4179326. Epub 2017 Sep 28. PMID: 29093983; PMCID: PMC5637834.

2. Barbagallo M, Dominguez LJ. Magnesium and type 2 diabetes. World J Diabetes. 2015 Aug 25;6(10):1152-7. doi: 10.4239/wjd.v6.i10.1152. PMID: 26322160; PMCID: PMC4549665.

3. Shahmoradi S, Chiti H, Tavakolizadeh M, Hatami R, Motamed N, Ghaemi M. The Effect of Magnesium Supplementation on Insulin Resistance and Metabolic Profiles in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: a Randomized Clinical Trial. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2024 Mar;202(3):941-946. doi: 10.1007/s12011-023-03744-7. Epub 2023 Jul 2. Erratum in: Biol Trace Elem Res. 2023 Aug 1;: PMID: 37393389.

4. Moabedi M, Aliakbari M, Erfanian S, Milajerdi A. Magnesium supplementation beneficially affects depression in adults with depressive disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Front Psychiatry. 2023 Dec 22;14:1333261. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2023.1333261. PMID: 38213402; PMCID: PMC10783196.

5. Castiglioni S, Cazzaniga A, Albisetti W, Maier JA. Magnesium and osteoporosis: current state of knowledge and future research directions. Nutrients. 2013 Jul 31;5(8):3022-33. doi: 10.3390/nu5083022. PMID: 23912329; PMCID: PMC3775240.

6. Erdélyi A, Pálfi E, Tűű L, Nas K, Szűcs Z, Török M, Jakab A, Várbíró S. The Importance of Nutrition in Menopause and Perimenopause-A Review. Nutrients. 2023 Dec 21;16(1):27. doi: 10.3390/nu16010027. PMID: 38201856; PMCID: PMC10780928.

7. Pickering G, Mazur A, Trousselard M, Bienkowski P, Yaltsewa N, Amessou M, Noah L, Pouteau E. Magnesium Status and Stress: The Vicious Circle Concept Revisited. Nutrients. 2020 Nov 28;12(12):3672. doi: 10.3390/nu12123672. PMID: 33260549; PMCID: PMC7761127.

8. Cowan AC, Clemens KK, Sontrop JM, Dixon SN, Killin L, Anderson S, Acedillo RR, Bagga A, Bohm C, Brown PA, Cote B, Dev V, Harris C, Hiremath S, Kiaii M, Lacson E Jr, Molnar AO, Oliver MJ, Parmar MS, McRae JM, Nathoo B, Quinn K, Shah N, Silver SA, Tascona DJ, Thompson S, Ting RH, Tonelli M, Vorster H, Wadehra DB, Wald R, Wolf M, Garg AX. Magnesium and Fracture Risk in the General Population and Patients Receiving Dialysis: A Narrative Review. Can J Kidney Health Dis. 2023 Feb 17;10:20543581231154183. doi: 10.1177/20543581231154183. PMID: 36814964; PMCID: PMC9940170.

9. Kaewrudee S, Kietpeerakool C, Pattanittum P, Lumbiganon P. Vitamin or mineral supplements for premenstrual syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Jan 18;2018(1):CD012933. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD012933. PMCID: PMC6491313.

10. Boyle NB, Lawton C, Dye L. The Effects of Magnesium Supplementation on Subjective Anxiety and Stress-A Systematic Review. Nutrients. 2017 Apr 26;9(5):429. doi: 10.3390/nu9050429. PMID: 28445426; PMCID: PMC5452159.